OFFICIAL NAME: Iceland
FLAG: Blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colours are symbolic for Iceland: red is for the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above and the ocean around.
POPULATION: 321,857 (Jan 2013). Median age is 37.1 years.
CAPITAL CITY: Reykjavik. The largest municipalities are Reykjavik* (118,000); Kópavogur *(30,000); Hafnarfjördur* (25,000); Akureyri (17,000); Reykjanesbær (14,000). *cities in the capital region.
GOVERNMENT: Parliamentary constitutional republic.
LANGUAGE: Icelandic, a North Germanic language derived from Old Norse. English is widely spoken and understood.
RELIGION: Predominantly Christian.
CURRENCY: The Icelandic ”króna”, (plural krónur) – ISK
TIME: Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) throughout the year.
SIZE: 103,000 sq.km (40,000sq.miles), slightly bigger than Hungary and Portugal, and slightly smaller than Greece.
GLACIERS: Glaciers cover 11,922 sq.km (4,600 sg.miles) of the islands‘ surface. Iceland is home to Vatnajökull National Park, the largest national park in Europe.
HIGHEST POINT: Hvannadalshnjukur peak 2,110 m.
DISTANCE: From USA 5–6 hours by flight and 2–4 hours from Europe.
EMERGENCY NUMBER: 112